This large township, with an area of 4,007½ acres, extends from the Calder southwards to the Forest of Rossendale. At its southern end is the hill called Hameldon or Hambledon, the summits of which attain 1,305 ft. and 1,343 ft. above the sea. Between these summits rises a brook which flows north through a wooded clough till it reaches the eastern boundary, along which it continues its course as Shaw Brook till it joins the Lodge and so runs into the Calder. Near the western boundary a similar rivulet, known as Castle Clough Brook, runs north to join the Calder at Eaves Barn. A site called the Castle stands near the brook, to the west of which is one of the old hamlets, Shuttleworth. The position of Birtwisle, another ancient hamlet, seems to be lost, but was probably in the south-east of the township.
The modern village of Hapton stands near the centre of the township on the canal; about a mile south is the hamlet called Lane Ends.
Extract from “A history of the County of Lancashire”